Journal of Crop science and Agronomy

Journal of Crop Science and Agronomy Vol. 1 (2), pp. 018-027, February 2017, ©2017 World Science Research Journals

Full Length Research 

ASSESSMENT OF STAKING IN A CLIMBING BEAN PRODUCTION SYSTEM AS PRACTICED BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN UGANDA

 Rose Takusewanya1*, Annet Namayanja1 Godfrey Vianney Bwogi2, Julius Mwine2 and Thomas L. Odong3

 *Corresponding author. E-mail: takusewanyarose@yahoo.com

1National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI), Namulonge, P.O Box 7084, Kampala, Uganda.
2Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O. Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
3College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University (MAK), P.O.Box 7062, Kampala Uganda.

Abstract 

Adoption of climbing bean production in Eastern Africa  is faced with the challenge of finding suitable staking materials which is prerequisite for high yield potential.  The objective of this study was to contribute to understanding the trends in staking and staking requirements in climbing bean production and the related ecological management practices in the Ugandan highland agro-ecosystem. Sampling was done using a four-stage sampling procedure, based on 150 households selected randomly each in Kabale and Kisoro districts.  Results revealed that long term maturing trees such as eucalyptus  were the most commonly used types of stakes (92.7%) in Kabale. On the other hand in Kisoro, it was stems of elephant grass (62%) followed by long term maturing trees (50.6%), shrubs mainly vernonia (30%) and maize plant, maize and sorghum Stover (22%).  The study revealed several challenges smallholders faced with stakes and staking such as  costly stakes, breaking of stakes due to heavy pod load or becoming old, theft, multiple uses of stakes (fire wood, building), termites and the cumbersome activities (cutting, transporting). However, some farmers have not perceived staking as a problem and have developed some initiatives to cope with the shortage.  Further research on the sources of stakes is recommended.

Keywords:  Abiotic,  Agro-forestry, Climbers, Eucalyptus, indeterminate, intercropping, maize,  Phaseolus vulgaris,  stakes.